The Preparatory Committee for “the Conference of Democratic Powers and Figures”, on Saturday, September 17th, presented a paper on the concept of decentralization, as part of the events of the second day of the consultative forum in the city of Al-Qamishli, north and east of Syria.
The paper was reviewed by Mr. Khalaf Daoud, representing the Coordination Committee of Movement for Change, in which he summarized the history of the successive Syrian constitutions. It was mentioned that the first decentralized constitution in the Middle East was the constitution of Syria in 1920.
The second article of the proposed constitution at the time stipulated that “The Syrian state consists of provinces that constitute an indivisible political unit”.
The paper pointed out that “the structural crisis that the country is experiencing is caused by the authoritarian centralization ruling in Syria, which has brought the country to a deplorable state in terms of economic, political, administrative, social and cultural terms.
The paper indicated that Syria urgently needs a national resolution to end the political, social and economic crises.
Syria is being a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, multi-religious, and multi-sect state, “the decentralized regime constitutes the best resolution for managing the state”.
The paper included the definition of decentralization, its necessities, and its basic principles. According to the paper presented by the Preparatory Committee, decentralization is a necessity and a guarantee for the unity of Syrian territory.
In its principles, the paper put forward that Syria needs geographic decentralization that adopts the system of regions and governorates and the need to implement it in its three dimensions; political, administrative and financial dimensions and adopt the principle of separation among the three powers; executive, legislative and judicial powers.
The paper also specified that each decentralized geographical region has a special social contract and its three powers that are directly elected by the people within its administrative borders, and each region or governorate has its local security forces subordinate to the security forces and the army at the general national level.
As for the participants in the forum, they unanimously agreed on the importance of having national projects that take into account the Syrian situation and its diversity and end the central monopoly of powers and capabilities, and they believe that decentralization is a guarantee to protect the rights of all Syrian regions without exclusion.